Куайн У.В.О. - С логической точки зрения: логико-философские эссе / From a Logical Point of View: Logico-Philosophical Essays (W.Quine,1980)

Куайн У.В.О. - С логической точки зрения: логико-философские эссе / From a Logical Point of View: Logico-Philosophical Essays (W.Quine,1980)

Название: From a Logical Point of View: Logico-Philosophical Essays
Автор: W. V. Quine

Издательство: Harvard University Press, 2 edition
Год: 1980
Страниц: 200
Формат: PDF
Размер: 9,82 Мб
Качество: отличное
Язык: Английский
ISBN-10: 0674323513
ISBN-13: 978-0674323513

Review

Professor Quine`s challenging and original views are here for the first time presented as a unity. The chief merit of the book is the heart-searching from which it arose and to which it will give rise. In vigour, conciseness, and clarity, it is characteristic of its author. (Oxford Magazine)
This volume of essays has a unity and bears throughout the imprint of Quine`s powerful and original mind. It is written with the felicity in the choice of words which makes everything that Quine writes a pleasure to read, and which ranks him among the best contemporary writers on abstract subjects. (Cambridge Review)                 

summary
Several of these essays have been printed whole in journals; others are in varying degrees new. Two main themes run through them. One is the problem of meaning, particularly as involved in the notion of an analytic statement. The other is the notion of ontological commitment, particularly as involved in the problem of universals. Various previously published papers which seemed to call for inclusion pr’esented twofold problems, For one thing, they overlapped as Ipapers will which are so written as to spare readers’ excessive use of libraries. For another, they contained parts which I had grown t’o recognize as badly formulated or worse. The upshot was that several essays seemed to warrant fairly integral reproduction under their original titles, while others had to be chopped, culled, mixed, eked out with new material, and redivided according to new principles of unification and indivicluation w&oh brought new titles in their train. For the provenience of what is not new see Origins of the Essays, in the back pages. The pair of themes named at the top of this page is pursued through the book ‘with the aid, increasingly, of the technical devices of logic. Hence there comes a point, midway, when those themes, must be interrupted1 for the purpose of some elementary technical preparation in logic. "New foundations” is reprinted both for this purpose and for its own sake; for it has figured in subsequent literature, and offprints continue to be sought. Its reproduction here creates an occasion also for supplementary remarks, touching on those subsequent findings and relating the system of "New foundations” to other set theories. However, this intrusion of pure logic has been kept resolutely within bounds. I am obliged to Professors Rudolf Carnap and Donald Davidson for helpful criticisms of early drafts of "New foundations” and "Two dogmas” respectively, and to Professor Paul Bernays for noting an error in the first printing of "New foundations.”

W.V. QUINE (Cambridge, Massachzlsetts) 

COINTENTS 

I. On what thlere is ...1
II. Two dogmas of emipiricism ...20
III. The problem of meaning in linguistics... 47
IV. identity, ostension, and hypostasis .65
V. New foundations for mathematical logic .80
VI. Logic and the reification of universals ..102
VII. Notes on the theory of reference .130
VIII. Reference and modality. 139
IX. Meaning and existential inference ..160
Origins of the essays .169
Bibliographical references ...171
Index 179

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